Essentials of Linguistics
first Edition

Essentials of Linguistics

by Catherine Anderson

This Open Educational Resource (OER) brings together Open Access content from around the web and enhances it with dynamic video lectures about the core areas of theoretical linguistics (phonetics, phonology, morphology, syntax, and semantics), supplemented with discussion of psycholinguistic and neurolinguistic findings. Essentials of Linguistics is suitable for any beginning learner of linguistics but is primarily aimed at the Canadian learner, focusing on Canadian English for learning phonetic transcription, and discussing the status of Indigenous languages in Canada. Drawing on best practices for instructional design, Essentials of Linguistics is suitable for blended classes, traditional lecture classes, and for self-directed learning. No prior knowledge of linguistics is required.

Introduction. Front Matter
Introduction.1 - About the Book
Introduction.2 - About the Author
Introduction.3 - Acknowledgements
Introduction.4 - Acknowledgements: eCampusOntario
Chapter One. Thinking Like a Linguist
1.1 - Linguistics is Science
1.2 - Mental Grammar
1.3 - Creativity and Generativity
1.4 - Fundamental Properties of Language
1.5 - Practice Time
1.6 - Summary
Chapter Two. Producing Speech Sounds
2.1 - How Humans Produce Speech
2.2 - Articulators
2.3 - Describing Speech Sounds: the IPA
2.4 - IPA symbols and speech sounds
2.5 - Sonority, Consonants, and Vowels
2.6 - Classifying Consonants
2.7 - Classifying Vowels
2.8 - Diphthongs
2.9 - Various Accents of English
2.10 - Practice Time
2.11 - Summary
Chapter Three. Transcribing Speech Sounds
3.1 - Broad and Narrow Transcription
3.2 - IPA for Canadian English
3.3 - Syllabic Consonants
3.4 - Aspirated Stops in English
3.5 - Articulatory Processes: Assimilation
3.6 - Other Articulatory Processes
3.7 - Suprasegmentals
3.8 - Transcribing Casual Speech
3.9 - Practice Time
3.10 - Summary
Chapter Four. Speech Sounds in the Mind
4.1 - Phonemes and Contrast
4.2 - Allophones and Predictable Variation
4.3 - Phonetic Segments and Features
4.4 - Natural Classes
4.5 - Phonological Derivations
4.6 - Practice Time
4.7 - Summary
Chapter Five. Psycholinguistics of Learning Sounds
5.1 - How Babies Learn the Phoneme Categories of Their Language
5.2 - How Adults Learn the Phoneme Categories in a New Language
5.3 - Practice Time
5.4 - Summary
Chapter Six. Word Forms
6.1 - Words and Morphemes
6.2 - Allomorphs
6.3 - Inflectional Morphology
6.4 - Derivational Morphology
6.5 - Inflectional Morphology in Some Indigenous Languages
6.6 - Practice Time
6.7 - Summary
Chapter Seven. Combining Words
7.1 - Nouns, Verbs and Adjectives: Open Class Categories
7.2 - Compound Words
7.3 - Closed Class Categories (Function Words)
7.4 - Auxiliaries
7.5 - Neurolinguistics: Syntactic Category Differences in the Brain
7.6 - Practice Time
7.7 - Summary
Chapter Eight. Forming Sentences
8.1 - Tree Diagrams
8.2 - X-bar Phrase Structure
8.3 - Constituents
8.4 - Sentences are Phrases
8.5 - English Verb Forms
8.6 - Subcategories
8.7 - Grammatical Roles
8.8 - Adjuncts
8.9 - Move
8.10 - Wh-Movement
8.11 - Do-Support
8.12 - Psycholinguistics: Traces in the Mind
8.13 - Practice Time
8.14 - Summary
Chapter Nine. Sentence Structure and Meaning
9.1 - Ambiguity
9.2 - Events, Participants, and Thematic Roles
9.3 - Thematic Roles and Passive Sentences
9.4 - Neurolinguistics: Using EEG to Investigate Syntax and Semantics
9.5 - Neurolinguistics and Second Language Learning
9.6 - Practice Time
9.7 - Summary
Chapter Ten. Word Meanings
10.1 - Elements of Word Meaning: Intensions and Extensions
10.2 - Intensions in the Mind
10.3 - Psycholinguistics of Word Meanings
10.4 - Practice Time
10.5 - Summary
Chapter Eleven. Indigenous Languages
11.1 - Indigenous Languages and the Legacy of Residential Schools
11.2 - Preserving Mohawk
11.3 - Learning Mohawk
11.4 - Mohawk Culture and Language
11.5 - Creating Materials for Teaching Mohawk
11.6 - Speaking Mohawk and Reconciliation
11.7 - The Future of Indigenous Languages in Canada
11.8 - Practice Time
11.9 - Summary
Chapter Twelve. Back Matter Test
Chapter Thirteen. References