Introduction to Psychology
first Edition

Introduction to Psychology

by Saylor Academy

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  • Publisher: Saylor Academy
  • Year Published: 2012
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1. Introducing Psychology
1.1. Chapter Introduction
1.2. Psychology as a Science
1.3. The Evolution of Psychology: History, Approaches, and Questions
1.4. Chapter Summary
2. Psychological Science
2.1. Psychologists Use the Scientific Method to Guide Their Research
2.2. Psychologists Use Descriptive, Correlational, and Experimental Research Designs to Understand Behavior
2.3. You Can Be an Informed Consumer of Psychological Research
2.4. Chapter Summary
3. Brains, Bodies, and Behavior
3.1. Chapter Introduction
3.2. The Neuron Is the Building Block of the Nervous System
3.3. Our Brains Control Our Thoughts, Feelings, and Behavior
3.4. Psychologists Study the Brain Using Many Different Methods
3.5. Putting It All Together: The Nervous System and the Endocrine System
3.6. Chapter Summary
4. Sensing and Perceiving
4.1. Chapter Introduction
4.2. We Experience Our World Through Sensation
4.3. Seeing
4.4. Hearing
4.5. Tasting, Smelling, and Touching
4.6. Accuracy and Inaccuracy in Perception
4.7. Chapter Summary
5. States of Consciousness
5.1. Chapter Introduction
5.2. Sleeping and Dreaming Revitalize Us for Action
5.3. Altering Consciousness With Psychoactive Drugs
5.4. Altering Consciousness Without Drugs
5.5. Chapter Summary
6. Growing and Developing
6.1. Chapter Introduction
6.2. Conception and Prenatal Development
6.3. Infancy and Childhood: Exploring and Learning
6.4. Adolescence: Developing Independence and Identity
6.5. Early and Middle Adulthood: Building Effective Lives
6.6. Late Adulthood: Aging, Retiring, and Bereavement
6.7. Chapter Summary
7. Learning
7.1. Chapter Introduction
7.2. Learning by Association: Classical Conditioning
7.3. Changing Behavior Through Reinforcement and Punishment: Operant Conditioning
7.4. Learning by Insight and Observation
7.5. Using the Principles of Learning to Understand Everyday Behavior
7.6. Chapter Summary
8. Remembering and Judging
8.1. Chapter Introduction
8.2. Memories as Types and Stages
8.3. How We Remember: Cues to Improving Memory
8.4. Accuracy and Inaccuracy in Memory and Cognition
8.5. Chapter Summary
9. Intelligence and Language
9.1. Chapter Introduction
9.2. Defining and Measuring Intelligence
9.3. The Social, Cultural, and Political Aspects of Intelligence
9.4. Communicating With Others: The Development and Use of Language
9.5. Chapter Summary
10. Emotions and Motivations
10.1. Chapter Introduction
10.2. The Experience of Emotion
10.3. Stress: The Unseen Killer
10.4. Positive Emotions: The Power of Happiness
10.5. Two Fundamental Human Motivations: Eating and Mating
10.6. Chapter Summary
11. Personality
11.1. Chapter Introduction
11.2. Personality and Behavior: Approaches and Measurement
11.3. The Origins of Personality
11.4. Is Personality More Nature or More Nurture? Behavioral and Molecular Genetics
11.5. Chapter Summary
12. Defining Psychological Disorders
12.1. Chapter Introduction
12.2. Psychological Disorder: What Makes a Behavior “Abnormal”?
12.3. Anxiety and Dissociative Disorders: Fearing the World Around Us
12.4. Mood Disorders: Emotions as Illness
12.5. Schizophrenia: The Edge of Reality and Consciousness
12.6. Personality Disorders
12.7. Somatoform, Factitious, and Sexual Disorders
12.8. Chapter Summary
13. Treating Psychological Disorders
13.1. Chapter Introduction
13.2. Reducing Disorder by Confronting It: Psychotherapy
13.3. Reducing Disorder Biologically: Drug and Brain Therapy
13.4. Reducing Disorder by Changing the Social Situation
13.5. Evaluating Treatment and Prevention: What Works?
13.6. Chapter Summary
14. Psychology in Our Social Lives
14.1. Chapter Introduction
14.2. Social Cognition: Making Sense of Ourselves and Others
14.3. Interacting With Others: Helping, Hurting, and Conforming
14.4. Working With Others: The Costs and Benefits of Social Groups
14.5. Chapter Summary


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