Music appreciation
first Edition

Music appreciation

by Ronda Neugebauer

This book introduces the basic concepts and terms needed to discuss melody and harmony. It is intended for teens or adults with no background in music theory but some familiarity with reading common notation and playing an instrument (or singing). Concepts covered include interval, major and minor keys and scales, triads and chords in addition to a review of common notation and an introduction to the physics behind music theory, as well as the basic concepts of music theory and a few slightly advanced but very useful topics, such as transposition.

Collection edited by: Ronda Neugebauer

Ronda Neugebauer – information is not available.

Content authors: Catherine Schmidt-Jones and Gordon Lamb

Catherine Schmidt-Jones graduated from Rice University in 1985, completing a BA in chemistry, a BA in music and a Master of Music in French horn performance. 

Gordon Lamb – information is not available.

Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)

Textbook content produced by Ronda Neugebauer is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 license.

Under this license, any user of this textbook or the textbook contents herein must provide proper attribution as follows:

The OpenStax name, OpenStax logo, OpenStax book covers, OpenStax CNX name, and OpenStax CNX logo are not subject to the creative commons license and may not be reproduced without the prior and express written consent of Rice University. For questions regarding this license, please contact support@openstax.org.

  • If you use this textbook as a bibliographic reference, then you should cite it as follows:

    Ronda Neugebauer, Music Appreciation. OpenStax CNX. 24 March 2014  http://cnx.org/contents/7c27a5ae-c528-4e67-a695-fa31ed112c1e@1.1.

  • If you redistribute this textbook in a print format, then you must include on every physical page the following attribution:
    Download for free at http://cnx.org/contents/7c27a5ae-c528-4e67-a695-fa31ed112c1e@1.1.
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Chapter One. Rhythm
Chapter Two. Simple Rhythm Activities
2.1 - Activity 1: Rhythm Imitations
2.2 - Activity 2: Karaoke Percussion
2.3 - Activity 3: No Karaoke Percussion
2.4 - Other Rhythm Activities Available
Chapter Three. Meter in Music
3.1 - What is Meter?
3.2 - Classifying Meters
3.3 - Recognizing Meters
Chapter Four. Musical Meter Activities
4.1 - Introduction
4.2 - Listen for Meter
4.3 - Sing with Meter
4.4 - Dance with Meter
4.5 - Recognize Meter in Time Signatures
Chapter Five. Tempo
5.1 - Metronome Markings
5.2 - Tempo Terms
5.3 - Gradual Tempo Changes
Chapter Six. A Tempo Activity
Chapter Seven. Dynamics and Accents in Music
7.1 - Dynamics
7.2 - Accents
Chapter Eight. A Musical Dynamics Activity
Chapter Nine. A Musical Accent Activity
Chapter Ten. Timbre: The Color of Music
Chapter Eleven. Timbre Activities
11.1 - Class Discussion and Demonstration of Color
11.2 - Color Activities
11.3 - Adaptations and Extensions
11.4 - Other Suggestions for Exploring Color
Chapter Twelve. Melody
12.1 - Introduction
12.2 - The Shape or Contour of a Melody
12.3 - Melodic Motion
12.4 - Melodic Phrases
12.5 - Motif
12.6 - Melodies in Counterpoint
12.7 - Themes
12.8 - Suggestions for Presenting these Concepts to Children
Chapter Thirteen. A Melody Activity
Chapter Fourteen. The Shape of a Melody
Chapter Fifteen. Theme and Motif in Music
15.1 - Motifs
15.2 - Melodic Themes and Movies
15.3 - Opera Motifs
15.4 - Composing and Improvising using Motifs
Chapter Sixteen. Harmony
Chapter Seventeen. Harmony with Drones
Chapter Eighteen. Simple Chordal Harmony
18.1 - Introduction
18.2 - Activities
18.3 - Listening Suggestions
Chapter Nineteen. Parallel Harmonies
19.1 - Introduction
19.2 - Activities
19.3 - Listening Suggestions
Chapter Twenty. Independent Harmonies
20.1 - Introduction
20.2 - Activities
Chapter Twenty-one. The Textures of Music
21.1 - Introduction
21.2 - Terms that Describe Texture
21.2.1 - Monophonic
21.2.2 - Homophonic
21.2.3 - Polyphonic
21.2.4 - Heterophonic
21.3 - Suggested Listening
Chapter Twenty-two. A Musical Textures Activity
22.1 - Suggested Music
Chapter Twenty-three. An Introduction to Counterpoint
23.1 - Introduction
23.2 - Some Useful Terms
Chapter Twenty-four. Counterpoint Activities: Listening and Discussion
Chapter Twenty-five. Counterpoint Activities: Singing Rounds
25.1 - Introduction
25.2 - Rounds
25.3 - Acknowledgments and Sources
Chapter Twenty-six. Form in Music
26.1 - Form is the Basic Structure
26.2 - Describing Form
26.2.1 - Labelling Form With Letters
26.2.2 - Naming Forms
Chapter Twenty-seven. Music Form Activities
27.1 - Introduction
27.2 - Activity 1: Verses
27.3 - Activity 2: Refrains
27.4 - Further Practice With Form
27.5 - General Discussion of Form in the Arts
Chapter Twenty-eight. Orchestral Instruments
28.1 - Introduction
28.2 - The Sections of the Orchestra
28.2.1 - Strings
28.2.2 - Woodwinds
28.2.3 - Brass
28.2.4 - Percussion
Chapter Twenty-nine. What Kind of Music is That?
29.1 - Western and Non-Western
29.2 - Jazz, Blues, and World Music
29.3 - Tonal, Atonal, and Modal Music
29.4 - Classical and Art Music
29.5 - Folk and Popular music
29.6 - Suggestions for Listening and Further Study
29.6.1 - Tonal, Atonal, and Modal Music
29.6.2 - Western Classical
29.6.3 - Non-Western Classical
29.6.4 - Western Folk
29.6.5 - Non-Western Folk
29.6.6 - Music that Combines Western and Non-Western Traditions
Chapter Thirty. The Renassiance Period (1400-1600)
30.1 - THE RENAISSANCE (1400-1600)
30.1.1 - RHYTHM AND TEMPO
30.1.2 - DYNAMICS
30.1.3 - TEXTURE
30.1.4 - TONE QUALITY
30.1.5 - RENAISSANCE COMPOSERS
30.1.6 - SUGGESTED WORKS FOR STUDY
Chapter Thirty-one. The Baroque Period (1600-1750)
31.1 - THE BAROQUE PERIOD (1600-1750)
31.1.1 - RHYTHM AND TEMPO
31.1.2 - TEXTURE
31.1.3 - TONE QUALITY
31.1.4 - COMPOSERS OF THE BAROQUE PERIOD
31.1.5 - SUGGESTED WORKS FOR STUDY
Chapter Thirty-two. The Classic Period (1750-1820)
32.1 - THE CLASSIC PERIOD (1750-1820)
32.1.1 - RHYTHM AND TEMPO
32.1.2 - TEXTURE
32.1.3 - DYNAMICS
32.1.4 - TONE QUALITY
32.1.5 - COMPOSERS OF THE CLASSIC PERIOD
32.1.6 - SUGGESTED WORKS FOR STUDY
Chapter Thirty-three. The Romantic Period (1820-1900)
33.1 - THE ROMANTIC PERIOD (1820-1900)
33.1.1 - RHYTHM AND TEMPO
33.1.2 - TEXTURE
33.1.3 - DYNAMICS
33.1.4 - COMPOSERS OF THE ROMANTIC PERIOD
33.1.5 - SUGGESTED WORKS FOR STUDY
Chapter Thirty-four. The Twentieth Century And Early Twenty-First Century
34.1 - THE TWENTIETH CENTURY
34.1.1 - RHYTHM AND TEMPO
34.1.2 - TEXTURE
34.1.3 - DYNAMICS
34.1.4 - TONE QUALITY
34.1.5 - SPECIAL REQUIREMENTS OF NEW MUSIC
34.1.6 - CHORAL COMPOSERS OF THE TWENTIETH CENTURY
34.1.7 - SUGGESTED WORKS FOR STUDY
Chapter Thirty-five. Attributions