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Greek and Latin Roots: Part II - Greek

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Table of contents
Chapter One. The Greek Language
1.1 - §97. The Legacy of Greek
1.2 - §98. The Greek Alphabet
1.3 - §99. Notes on Letter Formation
1.4 - §100. Notes on Classical Greek Pronunciation
1.5 - §101. Transliteration and Latinization
1.6 - §102. Exercises, Chapter 1
Chapter Two. The Greek Noun (Declensions 1 And 2)
2.1 - §103. An Overview of the 1st and 2nd Declensions
2.2 - §104. Greek Nouns of the First Declension
2.3 - §105. The Greek Adjective-forming Suffix -ικος (> E -ic)
2.4 - §106. Greek Nouns of the Second Declension
2.5 - §107. Interesting Words
2.6 - §108. Exercises, Chapter 2
Chapter Three. Compound Words In Greek
3.1 - §109. General Principles of Greek Compounds
3.2 - §110. Some Common Greek Combining Forms
3.3 - §111. Interesting Words
3.4 - §112. Exercises, Chapter 3
Chapter Four. The Greek Noun (Declension 3)
4.1 - §113. Stem and Base in the Greek Third Declension
4.2 - §114. Greek Nouns of the Third Declension
4.3 - §115. Some Noun-forming Suffixes in Greek
4.4 - §116. Interesting Words
4.5 - §117. Analysing Greek Compound Words
Chapter Five. Greek Adjectives And Adverbs
5.1 - §118. Greek Adjectives: 1st and 2nd Declension Type
5.2 - §119. Greek Adjectives: 3rd Declension Type
5.3 - §120. Greek Adverbs
5.4 - §121. Interesting Words
5.5 - §122. Exercises, Chapter 5
Chapter Six. Numerals In Greek And Latin
6.1 - §123. Greek and Latin Number Concepts
6.2 - §124. A Table of Greek and Latin Number Words
6.3 - §125. Latin Number Words in English
6.4 - §126. Greek Number Words in English
6.5 - §127. Interesting Words
6.6 - §128. The Metric System
6.7 - §129. English Number Names Beyond One Million
6.8 - §130. Exercises, Chapter 6
Chapter Seven. Greek Prefixes
7.1 - §131. An Approach to Greek Prefixes
7.2 - §132. A Summary of Greek Prefixes
7.3 - §133. Exploring Greek Prefixes
Chapter Eight. Greek Verbs And Their Derivatives
8.1 - §134. The Greek Verb in English Vocabulary
8.2 - §135. A Sampling of Greek Verb Roots
8.3 - §136. Greek Verb Roots and English Derivatives
8.4 - §137. Interesting Words
Chapter Nine. Some Medical Terminology
9.1 - §138. General Vocabulary (Greek and Latin)
9.2 - §139. Standard Medical Suffixes (all Greek)
9.3 - §140. A Polyglot Guide to Human Anatomy
9.4 - §141. Exercises, Chapter 9
Chapter Ten. Back Matter
10.1 - Appendix III: Key to Exercises (Greek)
10.2 - Appendix IV: Summary of Vocabulary Tables (Greek)
Greek and Latin Roots: Part II - Greek
1st Edition
Peter Smith
Copyright © 2016 by Estate of Peter Smith
Table Of Contents
  • Introduction - Front Matter
  • Chapter One - The Greek Language
    • 1.1 - §97. The Legacy of Greek
    • 1.2 - §98. The Greek Alphabet
    • 1.3 - §99. Notes on Letter Formation
    • 1.4 - §100. Notes on Classical Greek Pronunciation
    • 1.5 - §101. Transliteration and Latinization
    • 1.6 - §102. Exercises, Chapter 1
  • Chapter Two - The Greek Noun (Declensions 1 And 2)
    • 2.1 - §103. An Overview of the 1st and 2nd Declensions
    • 2.2 - §104. Greek Nouns of the First Declension
    • 2.3 - §105. The Greek Adjective-forming Suffix -ικος (> E -ic)
    • 2.4 - §106. Greek Nouns of the Second Declension
    • 2.5 - §107. Interesting Words
    • 2.6 - §108. Exercises, Chapter 2
  • Chapter Three - Compound Words In Greek
    • 3.1 - §109. General Principles of Greek Compounds
    • 3.2 - §110. Some Common Greek Combining Forms
    • 3.3 - §111. Interesting Words
    • 3.4 - §112. Exercises, Chapter 3
  • Chapter Four - The Greek Noun (Declension 3)
    • 4.1 - §113. Stem and Base in the Greek Third Declension
    • 4.2 - §114. Greek Nouns of the Third Declension
    • 4.3 - §115. Some Noun-forming Suffixes in Greek
    • 4.4 - §116. Interesting Words
    • 4.5 - §117. Analysing Greek Compound Words
  • Chapter Five - Greek Adjectives And Adverbs
    • 5.1 - §118. Greek Adjectives: 1st and 2nd Declension Type
    • 5.2 - §119. Greek Adjectives: 3rd Declension Type
    • 5.3 - §120. Greek Adverbs
    • 5.4 - §121. Interesting Words
    • 5.5 - §122. Exercises, Chapter 5
  • Chapter Six - Numerals In Greek And Latin
    • 6.1 - §123. Greek and Latin Number Concepts
    • 6.2 - §124. A Table of Greek and Latin Number Words
    • 6.3 - §125. Latin Number Words in English
    • 6.4 - §126. Greek Number Words in English
    • 6.5 - §127. Interesting Words
    • 6.6 - §128. The Metric System
    • 6.7 - §129. English Number Names Beyond One Million
    • 6.8 - §130. Exercises, Chapter 6
  • Chapter Seven - Greek Prefixes
    • 7.1 - §131. An Approach to Greek Prefixes
    • 7.2 - §132. A Summary of Greek Prefixes
    • 7.3 - §133. Exploring Greek Prefixes
  • Chapter Eight - Greek Verbs And Their Derivatives
    • 8.1 - §134. The Greek Verb in English Vocabulary
    • 8.2 - §135. A Sampling of Greek Verb Roots
    • 8.3 - §136. Greek Verb Roots and English Derivatives
    • 8.4 - §137. Interesting Words
  • Chapter Nine - Some Medical Terminology
    • 9.1 - §138. General Vocabulary (Greek and Latin)
    • 9.2 - §139. Standard Medical Suffixes (all Greek)
    • 9.3 - §140. A Polyglot Guide to Human Anatomy
    • 9.4 - §141. Exercises, Chapter 9
  • Chapter Ten - Back Matter
    • 10.1 - Appendix III: Key to Exercises (Greek)
    • 10.2 - Appendix IV: Summary of Vocabulary Tables (Greek)
Introduction
Front Matter

 

 

 

 

 

Greek and Latin Roots
for Science and the Social Sciences

 

 

 

 

PART II: GREEK​​

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sixth Edition (Adapted)

Copyright © Estate of Peter L. Smith

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Copyright © 2016 by Estate of Peter Smith

Published by

University of Victoria

Victoria, British Columbia V8P 5C2

Сanada

press@uvic.ca

This book is released under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) license. This means that you are free to copy, redistribute, and modify or adapt this book. Under this license, anyone who redistributes or modifies this textbook, in whole or in part, can do so for free providing they properly attribute the book as follows:

Smith, Peter. (2016). Greek and Latin Roots: for Science and the Social Sciences, Part II – Greek. Victoria, BC: University of Victoria is used under a CC BY 4.0 International License.

 

Additionally, if you redistribute this textbook, in whole or in part, in either a print or digital format, then you must retain on every electronic page and at least one page at the front of a print copy the following attribution:

Download this book for free at http://open.bccampus.ca

 

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Cover image: Attic kylix by painter, Douris (ca. 480 BC). Photo by Egisto Sani. CC BY-NC-SA 2.0 Generic license.

For questions regarding this license or to learn more about the BC Open Textbook Project, please contact opentext@bccampus.ca

Greek and Latin Roots: Part II - Greek by Peter Smith (Estate) is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, except where otherwise noted.

Introduction.1. Preface to 5th Edition

It was at the end of the 1980s that I decided to produce an in-house manual for what was then called Classical Studies 250. At that time, the price of our commercial textbook had already soared beyond fifty dollars, and was still climbing. If only for economic reasons, a course manual seemed to make excellent sense.

But cost considerations were not the only factors. Although I regarded our former textbook1 as the best of its kind on the market, it was over forty years old, and was hardly ideal for the Canadian undergraduate of the 1990s. Moreover, it contained too much detail for a thirteen-week course, and had some inaccurate and confusing features.

Probably all of us who teach language and etymology courses get the itch to construct a textbook that perfectly matches our own approach. A successful course manual will obviously reflect the instructor’s methodology and academic priorities. However, a good one should also be well organized, clearly written, and interesting to read. That adds up to a tall order, and I can only hope that I’ve approached the goal.

I invite every student to offer criticisms and suggestions for change. Because this work has now gone through several editions, most of the glaring errors should have been caught; but there is still bound to be room for improvement.  If any explanation is puzzling or confusing, please let me know. If more examples or more exercises are needed, that lack can be remedied. There are now also computer exercises available in the University Language Centre.

Part I of the book covers Latin material. Part II — shorter in length, but no less challenging—deals with Greek. Each section is designed to provide roughly six weeks of instruction, before and after Reading Break.

Students can rest assured that these materials are being sold at cost, with no financial profit to the author or the Department. Indeed, preparation expenses have been absorbed by the Department, and the price reflects only the actual cost of printing and distribution.

Peter L. Smith
University of Victoria
November 1997 (5th Edition)

Introduction.2. Foreword

The legacy of Professor Peter L. Smith at the University of Victoria is great. Born in Victoria, Peter graduated high school with the highest marks in the province and took his undergraduate degrees at Victoria College and the University of British Columbia. Having won the Governor General’s Award he attended Yale University where he wrote his PhD focused on the Roman poet and teacher of rhetoric Ausonius. He then had a brief teaching year in Ottawa, but by the early 1960s Peter was home again and began his professional career as a teacher and administrator with the newly formed University of Victoria. In addition to his Classical scholarship, which focused on Latin lyric poetry and drama, Peter wrote a history of the university, A Multitude of the Wise: UVic Remembered (1994) reflecting on the many transformations he witnessed here as UVic became a world-renowned university. Peter had an exacting but jovial manner that students and colleagues can never forget. His demand for excellence impressed anyone who had the pleasure of knowing him.

The Department of Greek and Roman Studies is extremely happy to have assisted the University of Victoria library staff with the publication of this textbook which served one of the many popular courses Peter taught for our Department. This book would not be possible without the help and support of Peter’s family, and we gratefully acknowledge his wife Mary Jean, his son Dr. Daniel Hinman-Smith, and daughter Sarah Smith.

The open-access publication of this book in digital format, freely available, follows very much in character with Peter’s efforts to enrich the educational life of students of British Columbia. This book serves as a lasting memorial to one of the University of Victoria’s most revered teachers and friends.

Dr. Brendan Burke
Associate Professor and Department Chair
Department of Greek and Roman Studies
University of Victoria

  • 1 Eli E. Burriss and Lionel Casson, Latin and Greek in Current Use, 2nd edition (Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice-Hall, 1949).

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