Principles of Social Psychology - 1st International Edition
first Edition

Principles of Social Psychology - 1st International Edition

by Charles Stangor

Principles of Social Psychology-1st International Edition was adapted by Rajiv Jhangiani and Hammond Tarry from Charles Stagnor’s textbook Principles of Social Psychology.

This textbook is based on a critical thinking approach, and its aim is to get students thinking actively and conceptually – with a greater focus on the forest than the trees. Yes, there are right and wrong answers, but the answers are not the only thing. What is perhaps even more important is how students get to the answers – the thinking process itself. To help students better grasp the big picture of social psychology, and to provide you with a theme that you can use to organize your lectures, this text has a consistent pedagogy across the chapters.

Principles of Social Psychology - 1st International Edition
About the Book
1. Introducing Social Psychology
1.1. Defining Social Psychology: History and Principles
1.2. Affect, Behavior, and Cognition
1.3. Conducting Research in Social Psychology
1.4. Chapter Summary
2. Social Cognition
2.1. Sources of Social Knowledge
2.2. How We Use Our Expectations
2.3. Social Cognition and Affect
2.4. Thinking Like a Social Psychologist About Social Cognition
2.5. Chapter Summary
3. The Self
3.1. The Cognitive Self: The Self-Concept
3.2. The Feeling Self: Self-Esteem
3.3. The Social Self: The Role of the Social Situation
3.4. Thinking Like a Social Psychologist About the Self
3.5. Chapter Summary
4. Attitudes, Behavior, and Persuasion
4.1. Exploring Attitudes
4.2. Changing Attitudes Through Persuasion
4.3. Changing Attitudes by Changing Behavior
4.4. Thinking Like a Social Psychologist About Attitudes, Behavior, and Persuasion
4.5. Chapter Summary
5. Perceiving Others
5.1. Initial Impression Formation
5.2. Inferring Dispositions Using Causal Attribution
5.3. Biases in Attribution
5.4. Individual Differences in Person Perception
5.5. Thinking Like a Social Psychologist About Person Perception
5.6. Chapter Summary
6. Influencing and Conforming
6.1. The Many Varieties of Conformity
6.2. Obedience, Power, and Leadership
6.3. Person, Gender, and Cultural Differences in Conformity
6.4. Thinking Like a Social Psychologist about Social Influence
6.5. Chapter Summary
7. Liking and Loving
7.1. Initial Attraction
7.2. Close Relationships: Liking and Loving Over the Long Term
7.3. Thinking Like a Social Psychologist About Liking and Loving
7.4. Chapter Summary
8. Helping and Altruism
8.1. Understanding Altruism: Self and Other Concerns
8.2. The Role of Affect: Moods and Emotions
8.3. How the Social Context Influences Helping
8.4. Other Determinants of Helping
8.5. Thinking Like a Social Psychologist about Altruism
8.6. Chapter Summary
9. Aggression
9.1. Defining Aggression
9.2. The Biological and Emotional Causes of Aggression
9.3. The Violence Around Us: How the Social Situation Influences Aggression
9.4. Personal and Cultural Influences on Aggression
9.5. Thinking Like a Social Psychologist about Aggression
9.6. Chapter Summary
10. Working Groups: Performance and Decision Making
10.1. Understanding Social Groups
10.2. Group Performance
10.3. Group Decision Making
10.4. Improving Group Performance and Decision Making
10.5. Thinking Like a Social Psychologist about Social Groups
10.6. Chapter Summary
11. Stereotypes, Prejudice, and Discrimination
11.1. Social Categorization and Stereotyping
11.2. Ingroup Favoritism and Prejudice
11.3. Reducing Discrimination
11.4. Thinking Like a Social Psychologist about Stereotyping, Prejudice, and Discrimination
11.5. Chapter Summary
12. Competition and Cooperation in Our Social Worlds
12.1. Conflict, Cooperation, Morality, and Fairness
12.2. How the Social Situation Creates Conflict: The Role of Social Dilemmas
12.3. Strategies for Producing Cooperation
12.4. Thinking Like a Social Psychologist about Cooperation and Competition
12.5. Chapter Summary
13. About the Authors
14. Glossary
15. Versioning History

Rajiv Jhangiani is a core faculty member at Kwantlen Polytechnic University, Vancouver, Canada, and an Open Learning Faculty Member at Thompson Rivers University, Kamloops, Canada, where he teaches a variety of courses including social psychology, personality psychology, conservation psychology, and the psychology of genocide. He completed his PhD in Social and Personality Psychology from the University of British Columbia in 2008. Dr. Jhangiani’s research focuses on political violence, social cognition, and the scholarship of teaching and learning. His research has been supported by agencies including the Social Sciences & Humanities Research Council of Canada, the Michael Smith Foundation for Health Research and the Society for the Study of Peace, Conflict, & Violence. Dr. Jhangiani is a Faculty Fellow with the BC Open Textbook Project, the Director of Research, Resources, and Special Initiatives on the Society for the Teaching of Psychology’s Early Career Psychologists Committee, a member of the Society for the Teaching of Psychology’s Task Force on Undergraduate Skills Assessment, and an Associate Editor of Psychology Learning & Teaching. Among other honours, Dr. Jhangiani is the recipient of the Robert E. Knox Master Teacher Award from the University of British Columbia and the Roberta Sigel Award from the International Society of Political Psychology.

Hammond Tarry is a faculty member at the Adler School of Professional Psychology, Vancouver, Canada, and at Capilano University, North Vancouver, Canada. Dr. Tarry completed his doctoral research in psychology in 2001 at the University of Oxford, U.K. His thesis was entitled Delinquency, Moral Reasoning, and Social Control. He has published and supervised research on topics including sociomoral development, political orientation, attitudes toward institutional authority, and reputation management. He teaches a wide range of courses, including social psychology, group dynamics, research methods, and introductory psychology. He has a particular interest in open textbooks from a social justice perspective.

Charles Stangor is professor of psychology at the University of Maryland. He has also taught at the New School for Social Research, Michigan State University, and the University of Tübingen in Germany. He received his BA from Beloit College in 1973 and his PhD from New York University in 1986. Dr. Stangor is the recipient of research grants from the National Institute of Mental Health and from the National Science Foundation. He has published seven books and over seventy research articles and book chapters and has served as an associate editor of the European Journal of Social Psychology. He is a charter fellow of the American Psychological Society. He has served as the chair of the executive committee and is currently executive officer for the Society for Experimental Social Psychology. Dr. Stangor’s research interests concern the development of stereotypes and prejudice and their influences upon individuals who are potential victims of discrimination. Dr. Stangor regularly teaches social psychology, research methods, and, at the graduate level, Fundamentals of Social Psychology and Group Processes. Dr. Stangor is chair of the undergraduate committee in the psychology department and has won the distinguished teaching award from the University of Maryland. Dr. Stangor also serves as the chair of the psychology department’s human subjects committee.


Principles of Social Psychology - 1st International Edition by Dr. Rajiv Jhangiani and Dr. Hammond Tarry is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License, except where otherwise noted.

Unless otherwise noted, Principles of Social Psychology is (c) 2011 Charles Stangor. The textbook content was produced by Charles Stangor and is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License, except for the following additions, which are (c)2014 Dr. Rajiv Jhangiani and (c)2014 Dr. Hammond Tarry and are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

  • Inclusion of new research and theoretical developments.
  • Updated the chapter opening anecdotes and real world examples to make them more relevant for contemporary students.
  • Changed examples, references, and statistics to reflect a more international context.
  • Added overviews of some concepts, theories, and key studies not included in the original edition.
  • Added a list of learning objectives at the start of each chapter.
  • Added a glossary of key terms at the end of the textbook as a quick-reference for students.

In addition, the following changes were made but retain the original Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License:

  • Merging the separate chapters on “Social Learning” and “Social Affect” to create a single “Social Cognition” chapter.

Cover Image: The Party People, as reflected by The Gherkin’s roof by James Cridland used under CC-BY license.

The author(s) of this volume are not affiliated in any manner with